Charles Allan Seymour Hawker
A truly great Australian
Born on May 16th 1894 at Bungaree homestead near Clare in South Australia, Charles Hawker was educated at Geelong Church of England Grammar School and from 1913 at Trinity College, Cambridge (BA 1919, MA 1922).
He enlisted in England in 1914 while at Cambridge and served with distinction on the Western Front at Ypres and Loos. He was wounded on two occasions and as a result lost an eye. After recuperating from fourteen operations, and although classified unfit for active service, Charles Hawker insisted on returning to the front with his battalion.
On October 4th 1917, at Broodseinde during the 3rd battle of Ypres he was again severely injured by machine gun fire and was paralysed from the waist down. He was told he would never walk again. Through sheer determination he learnt to walk with the assistance of two sticks, although his legs were in surgical irons to the end of his life.
"Frustration at being so badly handicapped never seemed to enter his head. Instead he was determined to improve his mobility so that he could serve his country and the Empire for which he felt such strong loyalty" - Lilias Needham.
Charles Hawker returned to South Australia in February 1920, studied wool classing, forestry and botany and took an increasing interest in the family property.
From 1927 to 1930 he was president of the new Liberal Federation of South Australia. In 1929 he entered the Federal Parliament as Member for Wakefield. In 1932 Prime Minister Lyons appointed Charles Hawker to the federal cabinet in the position of Minister for Markets and Repatriation. The Country Party was not represented in the cabinet so Charles Hawker was the only expert on rural affairs.
When the Markets portfolio was renamed in April 1932 he became the first Minister for Commerce.
"Charles Hawker made an immediate, spontaneous and powerful impression .. combined with his forceful presence, he had great natural charm which drew everyone to him .. I was struck by the clarity of his expression and by the clear penetrating quality of his voice .. he was stronger in his presentation of his point of view than any other member of his time in the Federal Parliament" J.A. Alexander - political correspondent.
He was a fighting debater and a shrewd, tenacious, passionately sincere advocate of the things in which he believed. He resigned from the cabinet on September 23rd 1932 over his opposition to increasing Members' salaries.
Throughout his life Charles Hawker displayed the highest personal qualities. Despite his physical disabilities he won a place for himself in public life which he held with increasing distinction.
His political abilities, widely recognised and rewarded by his appointment as the youngest Minister to the first Lyons Government seemed to promise that in Charles Hawker, South Australia would have its first Prime Minister. Fellow Minister and future Prime Minister Harold Holt once declared that "Charles Hawker was the most inspiring man I had ever known".
David Hay, Administrator of Papua New Guinea wrote "Like all my contemporaries I saw in Charles Hawker a figure of almost legendary physical courage and moral leadership".
House of Representatives political correspondent in the 1930's Warren Denning wrote "Charles Hawker, almost more than anybody I know, quite literally accepted Christ's injunction to take up his bed and walk, and his story should be told .. he was unique in the political history of Australia".
Charles Hawker was killed on October 25th 1938 when the aircraft Kyeema crashed in fog into Mount Dandenong in Victoria.
His untimely death was felt sharply. He had been an outstanding and respected figure in the Federal Parliament where some of his own would have supported him as a war time Prime Minister. Opposition Leader John Curtin believed Charles Hawker 'had been on the threshold of great achievements'.
A State memorial service was held at St Peter's Cathedral in Adelaide. His ashes were buried privately in the churchyard of St Michael's, Bungaree.
His patrician politics, as well as his courage and determination had already given rise to the 'Charles Hawker legend'. Charles Hawker never married and in 1968 the Federal electorate of Hawker was named in his honour.
He had been active in the establishment of St Mark's College and the University of Adelaide. Buildings at St Mark's and the Waite Institute in Adelaide, a library at Geelong Grammar School and a room at Burgmann College in Canberra, perpetuate the memory of this outstanding Australian scholar, soldier, pastoralist and statesman.
Young Isabel, Charles and Lilias Hawker
CAS Hawker (back row R) rowing crew 1912
CAS Hawker Geelong Grammar Prefect 1912
CAS Hawker (L) with fellow Prefects and Headmaster 1912
CAS Hawker WWI
CAS Hawker soldier (back row R) WWI
Recovering at Bungaree after WW1
At home post war
At home post war
Lilias Needham (nee Hawker)
CAS Hawker young politicial
CAS Hawker MHR statesman
Title: The Hon Charles Allan Hawker
Artist: DARGIE, Sir William
Credit Line: Historic Memorials Collection, Courtesy of Parliament House Art Collection,
Department of Parliamentary Services, Canberra, A.C.T.